Einstein was a refugee.
In 1933, Einstein was accused of treason by the Third Reich. He eventually found asylum in the United States.
Einstein and his wife also worked tirelessly on behalf of German Jews. They made visa applications and vouched personally for many refugees. On his life in exile, Einstein wrote,
"I am privileged by fate to live here in Princeton… In this small university town, the chaotic voices of human strife barely penetrate. I am almost ashamed to be living in such peace while all the rest struggle and suffer."
His final letter was to philosopher Bertrand Russell, offering his support to the movement to ban nuclear weapons. Einstein died on April 18, 1955.